September is Rheumatoid Disease Awareness Month (RDAM). It is an initiative by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) to create awareness about several Rheumatic Diseases including Arthritis. Let us learn more about Rheumatoid Arthritis Causes and treatment.
Rheumatic disease is an auto-immune and inflammatory condition that affects the joints, bones muscles, and other organs. It is often grouped under the term Arthritis. They are usually painful, chronic, and get worse over time.
Some causes of Rheumatic Arthritis are:
Common symptoms of Rheumatic Disease are:
A common Rheumatic Disease that affects the spine is Ankylosing spondylitis. This condition affects the lower back and mostly affects young adults.
A common Rheumatic Disease affecting our muscles and tendons is Fibromyalgia. It involves pain and stiffness.
The presence of uric acid crystals in the joints can cause Gout. It is often referred to as “big toe” characterized by frequent swelling and pain.
Lupus is an autoimmune rheumatic disease that starts attacking and damaging the healthy cells and tissues of our body.
The most common rheumatic disease that affects older people is Osteoarthritis. It damages our cartilage and bones, often leading to disability.
Psoriatic arthritis usually affects those with a psoriasis skin infection. It is an autoimmune rheumatic disease that causes pain in our fingers and toes.
Infectious arthritis: Caused due to bacterial or fungal infection leading to pain and inflammation. Lyme disease as a result of bacterial contact is a common example.
Reactive arthritis: It involves skin rashes, eye problems, and mouth sores, this disease is caused by an infection in the urinary tract and bowel.
A single test cannot diagnose this disease. Your doctor might discuss the symptoms and recommend a few lab tests to identify the potential cause of the condition. X-rays, blood tests, CT scans, MRI scans are a few tests conducted to identify the underlying cause.
The rheumatic disease may last for a few days to several years. Once diagnosed, the doctor may recommend one or more of the following treatments:
There are some therapeutic approaches to cure Rheumatic Disease:
Contact our pharmacists to know more about this disease and its treatment.